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06/07/2009

Au moins un enfant chinois volé adopté réside en Belgique

orphelinat de Zhenyuan.jpgAu moins cinq familles belges, dont plusieurs en Wallonie, ont adopté un enfant originaire d'un orphelinat chinois ayant pratiqué des enlèvements d'enfants.

 

Et au moins une fillette chinoise adoptée a vraisemblablement été envoyée en Belgique contre la volonté de ses parents, écrit Het Laatste Nieuws lundi après avoir mené l'enquête.



Entre 2003 et 2008, l'orphelinat de Zhenyuan a fait partir 42 enfants vers l'étranger, dont 12 au moins ont été enlevés à leurs parents de manière irrégulière. L'Autorité centrale flamande pour l'adoption, qui dépend de Kind & Gezin, ne pouvait pas encore dire samedi si certains d'entre eux sont arrivés en Belgique. "Nous le vérifions encore", selon Leen Du Bois. "Nous avons déjà pris contact avec les autorités chinoises et collaborons aussi avec les instances wallonnes et néerlandaises compétentes."



L'enquête du quotidien flamand montrerait que c'est le cas. "Car dans la période suspecte, 17 enfants au moins seraient venus de la province chinoise de Ghizhou en Belgique, dont cinq provenaient à coup sûr du Zhenyuan Social Welfare Institute."



Un des cinq fait même partie du trio pour lequel la première alerte à été donnée en Chine. L'intérêt médiatique s'est emballé quand un préjudicié s'est plaint sur un forum internet d'un cas flagrant d'enlèvement d'enfant dans le village de Jiaoxi.

 

Suite à ces révélations, la Communauté française de Belgique a commencé ce lundi des opérations de vérification auprès des associations d’adoption belges qui sont les intermédiaires avec ces orphelinats chinois. La Communauté française a également confirmé qu'un cas d'adoption illégale est jusqu'à présent avéré et que des enquêtes sont en cours tant en Belgique qu'en Chine.
Le numéro de téléphone du service adoption de la Communauté française est accessible pour les parents qui souhaitent avoir plus de renseignements : 02/413.41.35


"Des contacts ont été pris avec la Chine"

Explique le directeur du service adoption de la Communauté française Didier Dehou. "Les Chinois nous disent qu'il ne s'agit pas de vols mais bien de l'application du système de planning familial. Ça peut nous paraître choquant, mais c'est ainsi. Et les adoptions concernées se sont passées dans les règles. Que les parents se rassurent, elles sont irrévocables ». Et Didier Dehou d'insister sur le fait que depuis 2005, les dérapages en matière d'adoption sont extrêmement rares".

... ...

Mais au-delà de toute cette surveillance « administrative », il y a aussi un checking au cas par cas, histoire d'être certain qu'un enfant adoptable n'a pas été volé ou arraché de force à sa famille.

« Mais le risque zéro n'existe pas » concède enfin Didier Dehou. « Avec les pays qui ont signé la Convention de la Haye, comme la Chine, il faut faire un minimum confiance ».



Sources: Belga et Actu24.

 

- D'où viennent les enfants adoptés ? Les 180 petits adoptés l'an dernier en Belgique sont originaires de quinze pays.

Le drame des enfants d'origine chinoise enlevés pose la question de l'origine et du fonctionnement de l'adoption.

En Belgique, comme dans de nombreux pays, c'est la Convention de La Haye, rédigée en 1993, qui fait office de référence en la matière. Ce texte place l'enfant au cœur du système. Par contre, les demandeurs d'adoption devront prendre leur mal en patience, l'attente sera (très) longue.

En effet, il est désormais obligatoire de passer par des Organismes d'Adoption Autorisés (OAA). Les parents introduisent une demande auprès des OAA, ceux-ci la renvoient aux autorités centrales d'un pays, puis de l'autre, et enfin, l'autorité centrale active son réseau d'orphelinats. Ces démarches font que les demandeurs ne sont plus en relation directe avec les orphelinats, ce qui limite sensiblement les dangers d'abus et de trafic d'enfants.

Tout ceci n'est valable que pour des pays ayant tous deux ratifié la Convention. Depuis 2005, c'est le cas de la Belgique, comme de la Chine, principal "pourvoyeur" d'enfants de la Communauté française. Ci-joint, les chiffres au sein de la Communauté Française, mais compétences obligent, ils ne connaissent pas ceux de Flandre. 180 enfants ont trouvé une famille en 2008, 32 de moins qu'en 2007.


Source : La Dernière Heure. 7 juillet 2009.

 

- Le scandale de l'adoption met en lumière la bataille des orphelinats en Chine.


An investigation into a child adoption scandal in a southwest China orphanage has brought to light the desperate financial plight of the country's orphanages.
Donations from overseas adopters of abandoned children have become a major source of income for orphanages, today's Southern Metropolis Daily reported.

Source: Shanghai Daily. 15 juillet 2009.

 

- Chinese children abducted for adoption abroad

Despite the fact the Hague Treaty on Inter country adoption which China ratified prohibits all forma of payment to biological parents it is clear that children are being trafficked for adoption from within the Country for huge sums of money, thus again the Hague treaty is proven not again to protect children in difficulty.

Evidence put forward by Brian H Stuy who has many years of study of adoption practices in China proves this and he can even name some 10 Chinese orphanages that flout the rules and are involved in these dubious practices that do not serve the best interest of the child.

All Children Have Rights. Brian Douglas. 9.07.2009.

- Chinese Children also ended up in Belgium


At least four countries are hit by this baby trafficking scheme. United States, The Netherlands, Belgium and Canada. But probably also Spain, France, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Australia are related countries were these children went.

No government is willing to consider stopping adoptions from China though. Not willing to risk the relationship with the Chinese government and economic and diplomatic relationship. Adopters and Adoption Parents saying that they are shocked by this news but are not giving up to adopt from China.

But year after year new adoption scandals appear and no government is willing to take serious measures to prevent and prosecute childtrafficking or to hold and stop adoptions from high risk areas in the world like China.

 

Source : United Adoptees International Adoption World News.

 

- China babies 'sold for adoption'

Dozens of baby girls in southern China have reportedly been taken from parents who broke family-planning laws, and then sold for adoption overseas.
An investigation by the state-owned Southern Metropolis News found that about 80 girls in one county had been sold for $3,000 (£1,800).
The babies were taken when the parents could not pay the steep fines imposed for having too many children.
Local officials may have forged papers to complete the deals, the report said.

[Traduction en français par Kim Myung-Sook]

 

 


Repères


- Au pays des enfants volés
Selon des chiffres officiels, entre 10 et 20 000 enfants sont kidnappés chaque année dans ce pays, puis vendus à des trafiquants ou à des proxénètes. Le China Daily affirme dans son édition du vendredi 3 juillet que la police vient de découvrir un nouveau trafic à l’adoption dans le sud-ouest du pays. Depuis 2001, quatre-vingt bébés de sexe féminin auraient été vendus à des familles étrangères au « prix unitaire » de trois mille dollars américains. Le plus souvent, se sont les garçons qui sont des cibles de choix. Avec la complicité active ou passive des autorités, des milliers de familles chinoises sont confrontées à ces trafics d’enfants qui sont l’une des conséquences de la politique de l’enfant unique instaurée au début des années 1980.
Radio France Internationale. Nicolas Vescovacci. 3 juillet 2009.


- Chine, le pays des enfants volés
Conséquence directe de la politique de l’enfant unique et de la valorisation des garçons, le trafic d’enfants se développe. Avec la passivité complice des autorités.
Libération. 7 mai 2009.

 

- Child-Theft Racket Growing in China
Los Angeles Times. 1 janvier 2006.

Commentaires

C'est incident montre à quel point la procédure de l'adoption peut être bafouée en Chine.

Ce pays a pourtant ratifié la Convention de La Haye sur la "protection des enfants et la coopération en matière d'adoption internationale". La CLH viserait à "éviter les abus et autres trafics".

Quel est le réel contrôle des pays d'accueil ?

Écrit par : Isabelle | 07/07/2009

Trafficking reports raise heart-wrenching questions for adoptive parents

Accounts of Chinese children being kidnapped, bartered and sold to orphanages have many adopters wondering about their children. Some may try to track down the birth parents -- but then what?

When television producer Sibyl Gardner adopted a baby girl in China in 2003, the official story was that the infant had been abandoned on the steps of the salt works in the city of Guangchang, where a worker found the day-old child and took her to a social welfare institution.

But after reading with "utter horror" the latest revelations of child trafficking in China in the Los Angeles Times, Gardner found herself contemplating a trip to back to Jiangxi province to investigate how Zoë, now 7, came up for adoption.

"I don't think I could live with myself for the rest of my life thinking that my desire to have a child could have caused tragedy in someone else's family," Gardner said. "I'm going to need answers, and for my daughter's sake as well."

China has long been the most popular source for U.S. parents seeking to adopt from overseas. Since the early 1990s, more than 80,000 Chinese children have been adopted by parents from other countries, the United States leading the way.

In the last five years, U.S. parents have adopted nearly 31,000 children from China. The conventional wisdom has been that the children were abandoned because of China's restrictions on family size and the nation's traditional preference for boys, who serve as a form of social security for parents.

But adoptive parents have been unsettled by reports that many children have been seized through coercion, fraud or kidnapping, sometimes by government officials seeking to remove children from families that have exceeded population-planning limits or to reap a portion of the $3,000 that orphanages receive for each adopted child.

Some adoptive parents "looked the other way" when they heard reports about child trafficking in Hunan province years ago, said Jane Liedtke, founder of Our Chinese Daughters Foundation, a nonprofit organization that offers programs and tours for families with children from China. Now that trafficking cases have been documented not just in Hunan but also in Guizhou, Guangxi and other provinces, "people say, 'Oh, I didn't know. My agency didn't tell me. If I'd known, I wouldn't have adopted.' "

To that, Liedtke responds: "Oh, yes, you would have. You wanted a child."

Mark Brown said he and his wife, Nicki Genovese, felt sickened by the thought that their daughter might not have been found at the gates of a park and taken by police to an orphanage, as they had been told.

They had just returned to Los Angeles in 2005 after adopting a Chinese foundling in south-central Hunan province when they read the news reports about trafficking. Police had arrested 27 members of a ring that since 2002 had abducted or bought as many as 1,000 children in Guangdong province and sold them to orphanages in Hunan.

"It put everything into question," said Brown, whose family has since moved to New York. "Was she really found? Was she abducted or taken by family services? If she had been taken away from her parents, it is heart-wrenching.

"On one hand, it's horrifying and your stomach is churning. On the other hand, it brings to light something you're trying to block out -- that business there and life there is pretty wild."

As reports have continued to surface, some adoptive parents have become wracked by ethical, legal and moral questions.

"I was shocked but educated" by the most recent revelations, said Judith Marasco, who is on sabbatical in China with her 5-year-old adopted daughter. The fact that some people have been punished, she said, suggests that many more "are getting away with these abominable acts."

"No adoptive parent wants to entertain the thought that our child was the victim of this kind of child trafficking," Marasco said. "But think of the Chinese parents and how much worse this is for them."

China for many years was considered to have one of the world's most dependable international adoption programs.

"When I chose China, it seemed to be a very clean, very legal process, and that was a good deal of what appealed to me," said Peggy Scott, who adopted 16 years ago and is president of Families With Children From China-Northern California, a support group.

Some families on adoption-related e-mail groups have expressed fears that reports of child trafficking will taint all China adoptions, even though agencies and adoption experts say most of the adoptions in China are well regulated and legitimate.

"We shouldn't draw overly broad conclusions from any specific examples," said Adam Pertman, executive director of the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute, a nonprofit group that works to improve adoption policies and practices. Still, he said, "one kid, one birth mother where it's done badly, unethically or for the wrong reasons is one too many."

A U.S. congressional commission that monitors human rights in China said in a 2005 report that "trafficking of women and children in China remains pervasive," with many infants and young children abducted for adoption and household services.

According to an estimate cited in the report, 250,000 women and children were sold in China during 2003.

China has cracked down on many family planning officials and orphanage workers found guilty of trafficking, with some violators sentenced to death or long prison terms, according to Chinese news agencies. Still, Liedtke said the United States has treated China differently from other sending countries. U.S. families, for instance, are not allowed to adopt from Cambodia, Vietnam and Guatemala because of evidence of trafficking or other corruption.

"As a country, we should come out and say the Chinese government has to demonstrate what it's doing to prevent" trafficking, she said. But she added that it would be tragic to close off adoptions from China because "there are still way too many children who need help."

The Canadian government opened an investigation in October after The Times documented numerous cases in which Chinese babies were confiscated from their parents by local government officials and sold for foreign adoption.

And BBC News reported recently that China had rescued 2,008 kidnapped children and had reunited some with their birth parents. The Chinese established a national DNA database this year to help trace missing children.

For Ellen and John Lawler of Echo Park, who traveled to China with Brown and Genovese, the initial trafficking reports came as a shock. They plan to return to Jiangsu province to search for their daughter Jemma's biological parents. They have an advantage: The orphanage director wrote a book with photographs of adoptive families so residents of Gaoyou could see that the children were being cared for.

"He wanted to lay the groundwork for the possibility of birth parents coming forward," Ellen Lawler said.

Meanwhile, with China adoptions now taking several years, the Lawlers are seeking to adopt a second child, this time from Ethiopia, where distressing reports of trafficking have also surfaced.

"I've discussed this with [our] agency, and I've been reassured," Ellen Lawler said. "But I could be accepting it because it's what I want to hear."

Although Gardner, a supervising producer for the "Saving Grace" TV series, doesn't expect to take Zoë back to China for at least a year, she is already considering the complicated logistics. She has an important clue that many parents don't have: photos of the foster mother in China who cared for the child until a couple of weeks before the adoption.

Gardner would probably hire a translator for the trip, since she speaks no Mandarin. She would invite other parents who traveled to China in 2003 with her and her former husband, Gary Stetler, to join forces and make the journey together.

More daunting, she acknowledged, is how an adoptive mother in the United States could "make amends for such a tragic thing," if she learned that her daughter had been bartered.

"I don't have an answer for that," she said. But she is certain of this: "I would want that family to know Zoë and her to know them."

Écrit par : Los Angeles Times | 25/11/2009