Mise en garde concernant la poursuite des adoptions au Népal
The U.S. Department of State strongly discourages prospective adoptive parents from choosing Nepal as a country from which to adopt due to grave concerns about the reliability of Nepal’s adoption system and the accuracy of the information in children’s official files. The Department also strongly discourages adoption service providers from accepting new applications for adoption from Nepal until reforms are made, and to be vigilant about operating in an ethical manner under the current adoption system.
The Hague Conference on Private International Law recently released a report on its Intercountry Adoption Technical Assistance Program, based on a visit by a delegate from the Hague Conference’s Permanent Bureau to Nepal in November 2009 (http://www.hcch.net/upload/
Based on our own observations and experience with adoption cases in Nepal, the U.S. Department of State shares many of the concerns outlined in the Hague report. In one of the first cases processed by the Government of Nepal after the revision of the Terms and Conditions, the U.S. Embassy in Kathmandu found that the adopted child was not a true orphan and that his birth parents were actively searching for her.
We encourage parents who have filed an application with the Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare (MWCSW) in Nepal, but have not yet been matched with a child or received an Adoption Decree issued by the Government of Nepal, to consider a change of countries. The Department of Homeland Security, United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), allow one change of country to be made in connection with one’s I-600A application without fee. A request to change countries should be made in writing to the USCIS Field Office where the I-600A was originally filed. (Any subsequent request for a change of country would require a fee.)
Hague-accredited U.S. adoption services providers, and adoption service providers that may apply for Hague accreditation in the future, are reminded that their actions in facilitating and/or processing adoptions in any country (whether Hague or non-Hague) will be evaluated during the Hague accreditation or accreditation renewal processes, in accordance with the accreditation regulations (22 CFR Part 96), including whether, among other things, the provider has established and rigorously followed ethical adoption practices and operates in the best interest of prospective adoptive children.
Prospective adoptive parents who currently have active files at the Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare and who may already have an approved I-600 Petition to Classify an Orphan as an Immediate Relative from a USCIS domestic Field Office are reminded that consular officers are required by law to conduct an I-604 orphan investigation to verify the child's orphan status in order to the issuance of an IR-3 or IR-4 immigrant visa. Depending on the circumstances of a case, this investigation may take up to several months to complete, even if the I-600 Petition is already approved. In every country, we rely on the host government’s diligence to protect the safety and interests of their own children through careful administration of their national adoption process. In the absence of a reliably diligent partner, it can be very difficult to confirm that a child is truly an orphan. Cases in which a child’s orphan status cannot be confirmed will be forwarded to USCIS for review and final determination. We strongly recommend that adoptive parents not travel to Nepal until the Embassy has confirmed that the I-604 has been completed. Under current procedures, prospective adoptive parents may file their I-600 petition with USCIS in the United States, which then triggers the I-604 investigation in Nepal. Adoptive parents may contact the Embassy at firstname.lastname@example.org should they have questions about the status of their case.
The U.S. Embassy in Kathmandu continues to meet with officials within the Government of Nepal and with other foreign missions concerning the current status of adoptions in Nepal. The joint statement issued by the International Adoption Working Group on February 25, 2010 may be found at http://nepal.usembassy.gov/pr-
Please continue to monitor adoption.state.gov for updated information as it becomes available.
| 4 mars 2010.
- United-KIngdom halts adoption from Nepal because of entrenched corruption
The Special Restrictions on Adoptions from Abroad (Nepal) Order 2010 No. 951 imposes a statutory suspension on the adoption of children from Nepal by British residents.
- Flawed Adoption System Highlighted by Nepal's Stolen Children
Illiteracy has allowed kids to be stolen in Nepal in what is surely shocking news.
Rajan Kumar Nepali did not know he was giving up his two young children when he put his thumbprint on a document handing custody to an orphanage in the Nepalese capital Kathmandu.
The owners of the children's home had promised to take care of his son and daughter while the 28-year-old labourer, who cannot read or write, tried to get his life back on track after he became addicted to drugs.
Instead, the children were put up for adoption abroad -- a highly lucrative business in impoverished Nepal, where campaigners say orphanages can make up to 10,000 dollars from each child.
- Le Népal épinglé sur l'adoption internationale
Des diplomates de quatorze pays ont demandé dans un communiqué publié mercredi par l'ambassade américaine que le Népal renforce les contrôles sur l'adoption internationale, après la découverte d'un dossier lancé sans l'autorisation des parents biologiques.
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- Trafic d'enfants au Népal
Selon Madhav Pradhan, "la majorité des adoptions internationales au Népal sont irrégulières". [...] peuvent kidnapper 103 gosses sans risquer grand-chose." - NÉPAL: Inquiétude grandissante face aux adoptions illégales.
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- Népal. Etude sur les adoptions internationales
2008-09-03 10:10:00 Non pas le profit mais les droits de l'enfant doivent guider les adoptions au Népal. [...] L'étude "Adopting the rights of the child: a study on intercountry adoption and its influence on child protection in Nepal" (60 pages) [...]
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Care homes make false papers for fast buck
KATHMANDU, MAR 15
Controversy has not stopped dogging Nepal's inter-country adoption. There are cases galore that expose how adoption has become a money-making tool for some.
Officials at the Ministry Women, Children and Social Welfare (MoWCSW) say use of falsified reports is rampant in lower level making way for adoption of even those children who are otherwise not eligible.
“The trend of putting the children with their biological parents alive for inter-country adoption is growing,” said an official at the MoWCSW.
As per the adoption regulations, a child with his/ her biological parents alive cannot be put for adoption.
MoWCSW has recently traced at least half a dozen children 'set for adoption' by registered orphanages. Those children were not 'genuine orphans' and were not eligible for adoption, said the official.
Last month, a couple from Nuwakot succeeded in retrieving their two children who otherwise would have been adopted by a foreign couple.
A registered orphanage, Helpless Children Protection Homes, Lalitpur, had forwarded the names of the children presenting false documents.
An American couple was ready to adopt the children but in the nick of time, the couple claimed biological parenthood. Subsequently, the prospective parents refused to adopt them.
The orphanage home under question had hoodwinked the local administration and the ministry five years ago to let an American couple adopt two children, who also had their biological parents alive.
MoWCSW spokesperson Tilak Ram Sharma said, in a bid to check such anomalies, the ministry has started re-verifying all the children put for adoption. “We assure that such case will not repeat in future,” said Sharma. He stressed on need for strong laws and effective implementation.
While care homes are in the race of fake adoption for quick buck, concerned ministry officials also have been found to have been involved in forwarding false documents. This Saturday, the Post exposed Minister for Women, Children and Social Welfare Sarva Dev Prasad Ojha's involvement in handing over a child to a British couple without following due procedures.
The government last year enforced new rules for inter-country adoption after the media exposed rampant malpractice in adoption process. A month ago the Hague Conference on Private International Law had urged the government to suspend adoptions till a new strict legislation was introduced to curb such abuses.
In view of growing malpractice in the process, the U.S. State Department also has dubbed the country's adoption process as unreliable.
Nepal is a signatory to the Hague Conference but in the lack of ratification, it is not a partner country.
Écrit par : The Katmandu Post | 16/03/2010