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L'Espagne enquête sur 849 cas présumé de trafic de bébés.

MADRID - Des procureurs espagnols enquêtent sur 849 cas de nouveau-nés qui auraient été volés à leur mère et vendus à d'autres familles dans le seul but d'en tirer un profit, a annoncé le procureur général du pays vendredi.

Candido Conde-Pumpido a indiqué que 162 dossiers avaient déjà été déférés devant la justice, et que seulement 38 autres avaient été abandonnés par manque de preuves.

Le vol de bébés durant la guerre civile de 1936-1939 en Espagne est déjà bien documenté, mais certains cas de trafic d'enfants seraient survenus jusqu'au milieu des années 1990.

De nombreux Espagnols ont été affectés par ce scandale, qui s'est déroulé «sur une période prolongée», a affirmé M. Conde-Pumpido lors d'une conférence de presse.

Le bureau du procureur général a été alerté par ANADIR, une association qui recherche des enfants ou des parents disparus.

Enrique Vila, un avocat qui représente ANADIR, a déclaré que ce qui avait commencé comme une punition politique contre les sympathisants républicains durant la guerre civile s'était transformé en combine lucrative qui a persisté illégalement bien après le retour de la démocratie en Espagne, en 1978.

Le juge d'instruction Baltasar Garzon a calculé qu'il pourrait y avoir eu jusqu'à 30 000 vols de bébés en Espagne dans la foulée de la guerre civile.

Me Vila a affirmé qu'il y avait, derrière ce trafic de bébés, un vaste réseau impliquant des médecins, des infirmières, des sages-femmes, des religieuses et des intermédiaires qui trouvaient des enfants aux couples qui en voulaient. Les mères des bébés se faisaient dire que leur enfant était mort-né.

«On ne peut pas attribuer cela à une seule organisation», a dit M. Conde-Pumpido.


Spain probes 849 cases of alleged baby trafficking

MADRID -- Spanish prosecutors are investigating 849 cases of newborn children stolen from their mothers and sold to other families for profit, the country's attorney general said Friday.

Candido Conde-Pumpido said 162 cases had already been referred for trial and only 38 have been dropped for a lack of evidence.

It is well documented that babies were taken from women who had supported the defeated Republican side after Spain's 1936-39 civil war. However, some of the baby trafficking cases are as recent as the mid-1990s.

"A great many Spaniards" had been affected by the scandal, which took place "over a prolonged period of time," Conde-Pumpido said at a news conference.

His office was alerted to the cases by ANADIR, an association of people searching for lost children or parents.

Enrique Vila, a lawyer representing ANADIR, said what had begun as a politically motivated punishment for Republican sympathizers eventually became a purely moneymaking scheme that persisted illegally well past Spain's return to democracy in 1978.

Investigating magistrate Baltasar Garzon has calculated there could have been 30,000 baby thefts in Spain in the wake of the civil war.

Vila has argued that there was more or less a nationwide network behind it, involving doctors, nurses, midwives, nuns and intermediaries that would find children for couples that wanted them. Mothers were told that their babies were stillborn.

"It is not possible to attribute this to a single organization," said Conde-Pumpido, speaking in the eastern city of Valencia following a meeting with prosecutors general from Spain's 17 autonomous regions.

Source: The Sacramento bee , Pound Pup Legacy



11:42 Écrit par collectif a & a | Lien permanent | Commentaires (1) | Tags : espagne, bébés volés, trafic d'enfants | |  del.icio.us


Spain Confronts Decades of Pain Over Lost Babies

SEVILLE, Spain — Prodded by grieving parents, Spanish judges are investigating hundreds of charges that infants were abducted and sold for adoption over a 40-year period. What may have begun as political retaliation for leftist families during the dictatorship of Gen. Francisco Franco appears to have mutated into a trafficking business in which doctors, nurses and even nuns colluded with criminal networks.

The cases, which could eventually run into the thousands, are jolting a country still shaken by the spoken and unspoken terrors of Spain’s 1936-39 Civil War and Franco’s rule. Last week, 78-year-old Concepción Rodrigo Romero joined the rapidly growing ranks of Spanish parents who are turning to the courts to uncover the fates of their babies.

Mrs. Rodrigo Romero, a former seamstress, gave birth, prematurely, in 1971. A doctor in a Seville hospital told her that she had had a son, who was small but “fine and capable of getting a lot bigger,” she recalled in an interview.

The doctor never reappeared, and she never saw her baby again. Two days later, another doctor at the hospital told her husband that the baby had been sent to another hospital for further checks, but had died there.

The second hospital had taken care of the burial, the doctor said, and the body lay in Seville’s San Fernando cemetery, in an unmarked grave.

“Deep inside, I’ve always known that my son was stolen from me,” Mrs. Rodrigo Romero said.

Spain’s judiciary was forced into action after Anadir, an association formed to represent people searching for missing children or parents, filed its first complaints in late January. Attorney General Cándido Conde-Pumpido announced on June 18 that 849 cases were being examined, adding that 162 already could be classified as criminal proceedings because of evidence pointing to abductions.

The statute of limitations on most of the suspected crimes has expired, prompting lawyers to discuss whether a special statute can be adopted. In 2008, Baltasar Garzón, Spain’s most internationally renowned judge, extended an investigation into allegations of crimes during the Franco era to examine whether Franco had ordered thousands of babies taken from women who had supported his republican opponents in the civil war.

The cases of disappeared infants stretch from 1950 to 1990, continuing well after Franco’s death in 1975. It is not known whether government officials played any role.

Mr. Conde-Pumpido, who said it was impossible to estimate how many more cases would surface, also suggested for the first time that organized crime “networks” had been involved. He gave no details, saying only that he did not believe that “one single organization” had masterminded all the abductions.

Antonio Barroso, the president of Anadir, said he believed that over time Spain became a hub for gangs operating an international trade, with many newborns sold into adoption overseas.

The possibility of such an operation is one of many unanswered questions posed by the searing journey of long-silent parents and children in recent months.

Mr. Barroso, 42, founded Anadir last year, after being told by a friend that they were both adopted. He took DNA samples from the woman he had always known as his mother and confronted her after tests showed that his sample and hers were not a match. She admitted paying a nun for a baby and misleading her son about his birth for decades.

Mr. Barroso said he had since tracked down the nun, who had worked in a maternity ward. His own lawsuit — against the nun and other hospital staff members — has yet to be heard in court, and he is still searching for his real parents.

According to Anadir, a handful of adopted people have managed to find their parents, but so far most have preferred to remain anonymous. To help with legal matters, Anadir and other similar associations that have sprung up as the list of plaintiffs grows are trying to recruit lawyers willing to work on a pro bono basis.

Last month, the first cemetery exhumations took place in La Línea de la Concepción, after allegations that newborns had been buried there. Madrid’s regional attorney’s office has said that it would require medical staff members, including nuns who worked as nurses, to testify in court about the whereabouts of some children who were born during the 40-year period under investigation.

As in Mr. Barroso’s case, a few nuns have confessed to selling children, but without suggesting that they were part of a criminal network. The Roman Catholic Church has had no comment.

Next page http://nyti.ms/qfjGmT

Écrit par : collectif aa | 10/07/2011