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« 2011-09 | Page d'accueil | 2011-11 »

25/10/2011

Abandon Adoption. Quand la mère se retire. Par Edwige Planchin

Quand la mere se retire Edwige Planchin.jpgAbanDONNER son enfant, c'est lui donner de meilleures chances dans la vie en lui offrant la possibilité d' être adopté par des parents désirants et en capacité de le faire. Or la démarche de confier son enfant en vue de son adoption est non seulement méconnue mais très réprouvée socialement, condamnant les mères à la honte et au secret. Ce livre est le premier dans lequel une mère abanDONNANTE témoigne à visage découvert.

 

J’ai la joie de vous annoncer la sortie de mon témoignage pour adultes : AbanDON Adoption Quand la mère se retire. En effet, j’y retrace l’histoire de mon fils Ulysse, ou plus exactement l’histoire de notre rencontre. Pour ceux qui ne la connaissent pas, Ulysse est né le 22 août 2007 avec une maladie génétique rare : le syndrome de Noonan. Avant la naissance d’Orfée, Patrick et moi avons traversé une longue période d’infertilité qui nous a amenés à beaucoup réfléchir à la famille que nous étions prêts à construire. Nous nous sentions tout à fait capables d’adopter un enfant de moins de trois ans quel que soit son sexe ou sa couleur de peau. Mais nous avions bien compris que nous ne pouvions pas élever correctement un enfant gravement malade ou handicapé. D’autant plus que nous savions que des parents souhaitaient réellement adopter un enfant présentant ce type de particularité. Qu’ils souhaitaient sincèrement devenir ses parents et lui offrir une éducation adaptée. Lorsqu’Ulysse est né, force était de constater que nos limites n’avaient pas changé. En plus, Orfée n’avait que seize mois et l’état de santé d’Ulysse nécessitait des soins très lourds. Et c’est dans le déchirement le plus complet que nous avons du nous résoudre à confier notre fils en vue de son adoption. Le 26 septembre 2007, soit cinq semaines exactement après sa naissance, Ulysse est décédé. Cela a été réellement tragique pour nous et nous a fait vivre énormément de culpabilité. Quatre ans après le drame, nous avons retrouvé paix, confiance et optimisme. Dans mon livre, le premier dans lequel une mère témoigne à visage découvert sur l’abanDON d’enfant, je raconte la manière dont je m’y suis prise pour accepter l’ensemble de ces événements, dépasser la culpabilité et surmonter la douleur. L’histoire d’Ulysse est la plus grande déchirure de toute ma vie. Néanmoins, elle m’a donné la force de témoigner, espérant ainsi pouvoir aider d’autres personnes à avancer et à vaincre leurs difficultés.

Edwige Planchin


Edition L'Harmattan
 

15:43 Écrit par collectif a & a dans Livre - Revue, Témoignage | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | |  del.icio.us

24/10/2011

Espagne. 300 000 bébés volés à leurs parents et vendu pour l'adoption

Le documentaire obsédant de la BBC expose le scandale de 50 années de trafic de bébé par l'Église catholique en Espagne.

Espagne

Up to 300,000 Spanish babies were stolen from their parents and sold for adoption over a period of five decades, a new investigation reveals.

The children were trafficked by a secret network of doctors, nurses, priests and nuns in a widespread practice that began during General Franco’s dictatorship and continued until the early Nineties.

Hundreds of families who had babies taken from Spanish hospitals are now battling for an official government investigation into the scandal.
Several mothers say they were told their first-born children had died during or soon after they gave birth.


But the women, often young and unmarried, were told they could not see the body of the infant or attend their burial.

In reality, the babies were sold to childless couples whose devout beliefs and financial security meant that they were seen as more appropriate parents.

Official documents were forged so the adoptive parents’ names were on the infants’ birth certificates.

In many cases it is believed they were unaware that the child they received had been stolen, as they were usually told the birth mother had given them up.

Journalist Katya Adler, who has investigated the scandal, says: ‘The situation is incredibly sad for thousands of people.

‘There are men and women across Spain whose lives have been turned upside-down by discovering the people they thought were their parents actually bought them for cash. There are also many mothers who have maintained for years that their babies did not die – and were labelled “hysterical” – but are now discovering that their child has probably been alive and brought up by somebody else all this time.’

Experts believe the cases may account for up to 15 per cent of the total adoptions that took place in Spain between 1960 and 1989.

It began as a system for taking children away from families deemed politically dangerous to the regime of General Franco, which began in 1939. The system continued after the dictator’s death in 1975 as the Catholic church continued to retain a powerful influence on public life, particularly in social services.

It was not until 1987 that the Spanish government, instead of hospitals, began to regulate adoptions.

The scandal came to light after two men, Antonio Barroso and Juan Luis Moreno, discovered they had been stolen as babies.

Mr Moreno’s ‘father’ confessed on his deathbed to having bought him as a baby from a priest in Zaragoza in northern Spain. He told his son he had been accompanied on the trip by Mr Barroso’s parents, who bought Antonio at the same time for 200,000 pesetas – a huge sum at the time.

‘That was the price of an apartment back then,’ Mr Barroso said. ‘My parents paid it in instalments over the course of ten years because they did not have enough money.’


DNA tests have proved that the couple who brought up Mr Barroso were not his biological parents and the nun who sold him has admitted to doing so.

When the pair made their case public, it prompted mothers all over the country to come forward with their own experiences of being told their babies had died, but never believing it. One such woman was Manoli Pagador, who has begun searching for her son.

A BBC documentary, This World: Spain’s Stolen Babies, follows her efforts to discover if he is Randy Ryder, a stolen baby who was brought up in Texas and is now aged 40.

In some cases, babies’ graves have been exhumed, revealing bones that belong to adults or animals. Some of the graves contained nothing at all.

The BBC documentary features an interview with an 89-year-old woman named Ines Perez, who admitted that a priest encouraged her to fake a pregnancy so she could be given a baby girl due to be born at Madrid’s San Ramon clinic in 1969. ‘The priest gave me padding to wear on my stomach,’ she says.

It is claimed that the San Ramon clinic was one of the major centres for the practice.

Many mothers who gave birth there claim that when they asked to see their child after being told it had died, they were shown a baby’s corpse that appeared to be freezing cold.

The BBC programme shows photographs taken in the Eighties of a dead baby kept in a freezer, allegedly to show grieving mothers.

Despite hundreds of families of babies who disappeared in Spanish hospitals calling on the government to open an investigation into the scandal, no nationally co-ordinated probe has taken place.

As a result of amnesty laws passed after Franco’s death, crimes that took place during his regime are usually not examined. Instead, regional prosecutors across the country are investigating each story on a case-by-case basis, with 900 currently under review.

But Ms Adler says: ‘There is very little political will to get to the bottom of the situation.’

There are believed to be thousands more cases that will never come to light because the stolen children fear their adoptive parents will be seen as criminals.

Many of the families of stolen babies have taken DNA tests in the hope of eventually being matched with their children. Some matches have already been made but, without a nationally co-ordinated database, reuniting lost relatives will be a very difficult process.

Source: BBC | 16.10.2011 

09:37 Écrit par collectif a & a dans Bébés volés, Trafic d'enfants | Lien permanent | Commentaires (1) | |  del.icio.us

13/10/2011

Le business de l'adoption au Népal

In Nepal, there are an estimated 650,000 children who have lost either one or both parents (according to the United Nations Children’s Agency).

Many childless couples therefore look to adopt Nepalese children in want of a family. However, a recent BBC report has highlighted the continuing issue of cases where children with parents still living are given up for adoption. Western couples are paying thousands of dollars in fees and ‘donations’ to orphanages and this money is encouraging fraudulent practices, where children who are not in fact orphans are given to foreign families.

The problem has been known about for some time and many Western governments have suspended adoption from Nepal. One diplomat told the BBC that investigations were difficult to conduct, but when cases were looked into, adoption documents were sometimes found to be falsified or inaccurate. Because of the potentially lucrative nature of Nepalese adoptions, there are believed to be around 20 agents working out of the capital Kathmandu, who are sent out into rural regions of Nepal to find suitable children. The mostly female agents approach poor families, particularly in the remote Himalayan districts of the country. They persuade struggling families that their children will be better looked after in the capital and that their children will also receive a proper education.

Foreign couples are asked to pay 5,000 dollars to Nepalese orphanages in order to arrange the adoption of a child. An additional 3,000 dollars must be given to government officials for dealing with the paperwork. In some cases, other fees are also paid. Prospective parents are shown pictures of youngsters in care, but are given little further information about the children they plan to adopt. Official documents record that the children are either without parents or have been abandoned by their families.

Nepal has signed up to the Hague Adoption Convention, which lays out standards for international adoption procedures. However, so far, these standards have not been put in place. Reform has been slow in coming and reports in the local press have accused officials of corruption. Though changes have yet to go through, some governments are feeling the pressure to reopen adoptions to Nepal.

One mother tells the BBC her story to highlight the current dangers involved in child adoption from Nepal. Sarita Bhujel was persuaded to send her seven year-old daughter to a children’s home in the capital when she was struggling financially. Told she could visit her daughter at any time, the mother found that after a while the home came up with excuses as to why she couldn’t see her child. Eventually, she discovered her daughter had been adopted by an Italian couple. Ms Bhujel says she has cried for many years over the loss of her beloved daughter.

By Laurinda Luffman

Source: SOS CHildren's Village | 5 octobre 2011

14:36 Écrit par collectif a & a dans Adoption internationale | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : népal | |  del.icio.us