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21/12/2012

40% des orphelins russes deviennent alcooliques et 10% finissent par se suicider

Les Américains ne pourront plus adopter d'enfants russes

La Douma (chambre basse du parlement russe) a adopté vendredi en troisième et dernière lecture une loi interdisant l'adoption d'enfants russes par des Américains et prévoyant de dresser une «liste noire» des étrangers indésirables en Russie.

 

Source: La Libre Belgique.

15:37 Écrit par collectif a & a dans Adoption internationale | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : russie, usa | |  del.icio.us

11/12/2010

Dans les tranchées du "Joint Council on International Childrens Services".

Logo Romania For Export Only.jpgFrom the trenches of JCICS

PoundPupLegacy  today found the doors to the Joint Council on International Children’s Services’ membership area wide open.

For those who don’t know, JCICS is the umbrella organisation of the US adoption agencies and other members of the adoption industry. With the downgoing number of intercountry adoptions, it is a trade organisation that is fighting for its life. More on that you can find in its 2009 Stakeholders document.

There is a lot of interesting details in their Board Meeting minutes, although the larger part is about fundraing, diminushing staff etc.

Here some parts I found especially interesting:

JCICS Board Meeting 14 March 2007:
 


Romania:


The book “Romania for Export Only: The Untold Story of Romania is making its way around Europe and is cause for concern.

L. Wetterberg

Funny, because I launched my book only on the 25th of February 2007 and up to 14 March only friends, colleagues and relatives had bought the book. On the 14th March, however, the book was ordered by both Francois de Combret and Linda Robak – two of the main characters of the book.  But by now Ms. Wetterberg has been proven to be right: the book made its way in Europe and not only there, but also outside Europe, in fact worldwide

Ms. Wetterberg, owner of the defunct agency Uniting Families charged up to 40.000 US dollars for a Romanian child. And yes, that’s also in the book.

Then this: please read carefully – emphasis mine:

JCICS Board Meeting 17 June 2005:

Romania

JCICS was part of a meeting yesterday with three congressional offices, two from Kentucky and one from Illinois. Through a meeting with Chris Smith, they were referred to the Helsinki Commission, one of the largest Human Rights watch groups in the world, and a meeting has been set with them for 3pm today. Also discussed was the February 2004 letter from Pierre Poupard of UNICEF to the Romanian Prime Minister Adrian Nastase as it directly contradicts the UNICEF statement from January 2004 that indicated international adoption is one viable form of child welfare. (See attachment to minutes.)

It was learned that there are several leaders in the U.S. that may be able to help influence the       situation. Senator Landrieu is on the subcommittee for the U.N. and also serves on the      appropriations committee which governs funding for UNICEF. Also, there are several EU parliamentarians from within the U.S. government that serve as direct liaisons. Tom Lundsford who works within the DOS is also a liaison.

A summit will be held between the European Union and President Bush in D.C. starting Monday.
There will be a meeting between the EU officials and congressional leaders next Thursday, and For  the Children (a pipeline advocacy group) is trying to get pending cases on the agenda as private comments.

DOS continues to help advocate for the pipeline cases as well. Maura Harty had a recent meeting  with President Basescu, which led to the President writing a letter to the EU requesting permission to process the remaining pipeline cases.


“so, there are several EU parliamentarians from within the U.S. government that serve as direct liaisons.”  Huh? EU parliamentarians from within the U.S. government????
True, the European Parliament at that time had a few MEP’s (Members of the European Parliament) that appeared to be very very focussed on getting Romania’s adoptions reopened. And yes, that’s also in the book.
But, how to understand this ‘from within the U.S. government… Mindboggling.

And ‘For the Children’ – I wrote about them in a previous blog post.

More later, will continue reading the material.

 

Source: Romania For Export Only.

16:58 Écrit par collectif a & a dans Adoption internationale | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : usa, roumanie | |  del.icio.us

15/09/2010

Une enquête exclusive révèle comment des fonctionnaires du Département d'État (USA) ont découvert la corruption systémique dans le système d'adoption vietnamien - et comment ils ont lutté pour faire quelque chose.

Anatomy of an Adoption Crisis - By E_J_ GRAFF icles_2010_09_07_anatomy_of_an_adoption_crisis_page=full.jpgAnatomy of an Adoption Crisis.


An exclusive investigation uncovers how State Department officials uncovered systemic corruption in the Vietnamese adoption system -- and how they struggled to do something about it.


It seemed like a nightmare right out of Kafka. In late 2007 and early 2008, Americans with their adopted babies in arms, or pictures of babies to come, were being stonewalled by faceless U.S. bureaucrats. The U.S. government refused to issue visas that would allow those babies to come home from Vietnam -- and wouldn't explain why.

Thirteen families, supported by dozens of other parents-to-be, desperately did what they could to attract publicity, calling in the New York Times, ABC News, and members of Congress. They launched campaigns on the web, sent petitions to friends and neighbors, and barraged the relevant offices with pleas for help. And still, for months, the State Department and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) refused to issue their babies the requisite visas -- for reasons that seemed irrelevant. One couple from Queens, New York, said they were told that the baby they had legally adopted in Vietnam would not be able to come home with them for what they called a "bewilderingly minute point": A Tam Ky Orphanage guard in Vietnam's Quang Nam province had failed to note the child's arrival in his logbook.

But inside their fog of secrecy, the faceless bureaucrats were also agonizing about the well-being of the children and their families. Based on hundreds of pages of documents received via Freedom of Information Act requests, this article gives a never-before-seen glimpse at how the State Department discovered what it believed to be a gray market in "adoptable" babies and debated what to do about it, trying each of its inadequate tools in turn.

According to these internal documents, the State Department was confident it had discovered systemic nationwide corruption in Vietnam -- a network of adoption agency representatives, village officials, orphanage directors, nurses, hospital administrators, police officers, and government officials who were profiting by paying for, defrauding, coercing, or even simply stealing Vietnamese children from their families to sell them to unsuspecting Americans. And yet, as these documents reveal, U.S. officials in Hanoi did not have the right tools to shut down the infant peddlers while allowing the truly needed adoptions to continue. Understanding how little the State Department and USCIS could do, despite how hard they tried, helps reveal what these U.S. government agencies need to respond more effectively in the current adoption hot spots, Nepal and Ethiopia -- and in whatever country might be struck by adoption profiteering next.


Read more

 

- Adoption agencies considered U.S. Embassy too active in fighting corruption in Vietnam


This week, E.J. Graff published a long article called Anatomy of an Adoption Crises, in which she describes the shut down of adoptions from Vietnam in 2008. The article is based upon the release of several government documents obtained through the Freedom of Information Act. I am not going to rehash the story as told by E.J. Graff, instead I'd like to focus on the players in this drama.

The first released documents is dated July 2007 and details several visits made by members of the US. Embassy in Hanoi, to several orphanages in Vietnam. Unfortunately the document doesn't provide any detail into the findings of the investigations, since most of it is redacted in accordance with the Privacy Act of 1974.

Source : Pound Pup Legacy.

 

- Vietnam. Rapport d'évaluation du SSI sur l'adoption internationale et domestique.

Une évaluation a été effectuée par Hervé Boéchat, Nigel Cantwell et Mia Dambach du Service Social International (SSI).  Novembre 2009.

12/09/2010

Une réglementation disparate, inégale rend l'adoption transcontinentale vulnérable à la fraude. Nous devons combler les lacunes pour mettre fin au trafic de la misère humaine.

Children suspected of being involved in an illicit adoption scheme.jpgAdopting new standards on adoption.

Patchy regulation makes inter-country adoption vulnerable to fraud. We must close loopholes to end a traffic in human misery.

 

 

Two years ago this month, the US and Vietnam let lapse the three-year bilateral agreement that allowed Americans to adopt Vietnamese children. The US embassy in Hanoi had concluded that "the overwhelming majority" of infant adoptions from Vietnam involved fraud: at best, falsified official documents; and at worst, defrauded, coerced or paid-off birth families who had not consented to sending their children abroad for adoption. All told, 2,200 Vietnamese-born children were adopted to the US during that period, according to the state department; approximately another 2,000 were adopted to France, 950 to Italy, 475 to Ireland, and 250 to Sweden. 

 

The 2008 US-Vietnam closure was one in a long, stuttering series of crises in international adoption. In an upcoming article "Anatomy of an Adoption Crisis" in Foreign Policy Online, I analyse hundreds of pages of often shocking internal US state department documents (received under Freedom of Information Act requests) discussing that adoption crisis. These documents show how determined the US embassy in Hanoi was to block fraudulent or corrupt adoptions – and how little power it had to do so, both in Vietnam, and in other countries that have had similar crises, such as Cambodia, Guatemala, Nepal and Romania.

 

Why? Fifteen years after 66 countries negotiated the 1993 Hague convention on inter-country adoption, why couldn't the US state department screen out the "bad" adoptions and continue the "good" ones? The Hague adoption convention was supposed to streamline the adoption of children who legitimately needed new homes, and "prevent the abduction, the sale of, or traffic in children" for adoption by policing "improper financial gain".

 

But loopholes plague the Hague convention. The biggest one: technically, Hague protections need apply only to adoptions in which both countries have already ratified and implemented the convention. In the US, that means that adoption agencies must be screened and accredited by a national body before they may arrange adoptions from, or to, other Hague countries. But unaccredited agencies are still free to work in the "non-Hague" nations (presumably, the least prepared to police unsavoury practices). As a result, families adopting from such Hague signatories as China, Colombia or Thailand can rely on two different nations' governmental oversight. But that family has no such protections if it tries to adopt from such non-Hague countries as Ethiopia or Nepal, both rife with troubling allegations about their adoptions.

 

US inter-country adoption experts point to specific loopholes that can be closed through new federal legislation and amended regulations, as I recently reported in "The Baby Business"; some of their more detailed thoughts are posted here. The most important suggestion, as most experts I interviewed agreed, is that the US should require "Hague accreditation" for any agency working on international adoption from any country, whether or not that country has implemented the Hague convention.

 

But for this and other proposed changes to move forward, the rest of us have to care. It's easy to believe that ending fraud in international adoption is an obscure and narrow issue. But the problems in international adoption have implications that reach throughout child welfare and development efforts worldwide. When done wrong, experts say, inter-country adoption can hijack a poor nation's nascent or underfunded efforts at family preservation and social services. The focus shifts away from building communities and helping families stay together – and moves instead to "finding" children for western families, thus profiting unscrupulous middlemen and corrupt officials.

 

The United States needs to put in place improved policies, practices and regulations that simultaneously help prevent the criminal underside of the adoption trade and also support child welfare and protection systems in developing countries. That way, more impoverished families can keep their children at home – and the children who truly need new families can find them without fear of fraud.

 

Source : guardian.co.uk, Friday 10 September 2010, EJ Graff.

 

07:48 Écrit par collectif a & a dans Adoption internationale | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : usa, haïti, vietnam | |  del.icio.us

07/08/2010

Les Etats-Unis suspendent les adoptions d'enfants abandonnés du Népal

Adoption Alert Nepal.jpgUS suspends adoption of abandoned children in Nepal over concerns of fraudulent paperwork


NEW YORK — The U.S. government on Friday suspended the adoption of abandoned children from Nepal because of concerns about unreliable and fabricated documents.



The State Department said the suspension would take effect immediately, although it will continue to consider adoption applications already in the pipeline on a case-by-case basis. About 80 such cases are pending.



More than 60 Nepalese children were adopted by Americans in 2006. The number dropped to six last year as U.S. officials intensified warnings about possible problems.



The State Department acted after finding numerous cases where Nepalese children's birth certificates were falsified and orphanage officials refused to assist efforts to confirm information.



Because of the unreliable documents and "the general situation of noncooperation with and even active hindrance of investigations," U.S. authorities can no longer accurately determine whether a child qualifies as an orphan, the State Department said.



It cited one case where the birth parents were actively searching for a child who had been matched with an American family for adoption.



Regarding the pending cases, the State Department said they would be approved only if supported by reliable evidence.



"Every effort will be made to process their cases as expeditiously as possible with the best interests of children in mind," it said.



U.S. officials said the duration of the suspension would depend on the pace with which Nepal's government implements more rigorous oversight of adoptions. One step in this direction would be to ratify the Hague Convention, with sets standards for international adoptions.



According to the State Department, numerous other countries — including Canada, France, Germany, Israel, Italy and Britain — have recently suspended adoptions from Nepal based on similar concerns.



Chuck Johnson, head of the private National Council for Adoption, expressed dismay at the suspension, saying it would consign many Nepalese orphans to longer stays in institutions.



"It's a sad day for us children's advocates," he said. "When you suspend adoptions due to concerns of abuse, you're also preventing the adoption of legal and legitimate orphans. ... There will be suffering, profound psychological and physical effects."



Source: Washington Examiner.

--
Liste des pays qui ont suspendus les adoptions avec le Népal: Allemagne, Belgique, Canada, Danemark, Espagne, France, Grande-Bretagne, Israël,Ityalie, Norvège, Suède, Suisse. En gros, les américains étaient les seuls à continuer, comme en Haïti.
Les Etats-Unis est le seul pays à continuer d'y envoyer des dossiers pour de nouvelles adoptions, alors qu'il y a eu des abus épouvantables
.

 

05/08/2010

Après le séïsme à Haïti, le chaos dans les adoptions américaines [New York Times]

ChildLaw Blog.jpg

NYTimes: After Haiti Quake, the Chaos of U.S. Adoptions



On Jan. 12, a devastating earthquake toppled Haiti’s capital and set off an international adoption bonanza in which some safeguards meant to protect children were ignored.



Leading the way was the Obama administration, which responded to the crisis, and to the pleas of prospective adoptive parents and the lawmakers assisting them, by lifting visa requirements for children in the process of being adopted by Americans.



Although initially planned as a short-term, small-scale evacuation, the rescue effort quickly evolved into a baby lift unlike anything since the Vietnam War. It went on for months; fell briefly under the cloud of scandal involving 10 Baptist missionaries who improperly took custody of 33 children; ignited tensions between the United States and child protection organizations; and swept up about 1,150 Haitian children, more than were adopted by American families in the previous three years, according to interviews with government officials, adoption agencies and child advocacy groups.



Under a sparingly used immigration program, called humanitarian parole, adoptions were expedited regardless of whether children were in peril, and without the screening required to make sure they had not been improperly separated from their relatives or placed in homes that could not adequately care for them.



Some Haitian orphanages were nearly emptied, even though they had not been affected by the quake or licensed to handle adoptions. Children were released without legal documents showing they were orphans and without regard for evidence suggesting fraud. In at least one case, two siblings were evacuated even though American authorities had determined through DNA tests that the man who had given them to an orphanage was not a relative.



In other cases, children were given to families who had not been screened or to families who no longer wanted them.



The results are playing out across the country. At least 12 children, brought here without being formally matched with new families, have spent months in a Pennsylvania juvenile care center while Red Cross officials try to determine their fate. An unknown number of children whose prospective parents have backed out of their adoptions are in foster care. While the authorities said they knew of only a handful of such cases, adoption agents said they had heard about as many as 20, including that of an 8-year-old girl who was bounced from an orphanage in Haiti to a home in Ithaca, N.Y., to a juvenile care center in Queens after the psychologist who had petitioned to adopt her decided she could not raise a young child.



Dozens of children, approaching the age of 16 or older, are too old to win legal permanent status as adoptees, prompting lawmakers in Congress to consider raising the age limit to 18.



Meanwhile, other children face years of legal limbo because they have arrived with so little proof of who they are, how they got here and why they have been placed for adoption that state courts are balking at completing their adoptions.


All I can say is THANK GOD for the white man adopting all them colored babies. The white man's burden sure hasn't gotten any easier after all these years. When will the world finally understand.




Lire l'article complet sur le site du New York Times.

 

Haïti et les adoptions

13:57 Écrit par collectif a & a dans Adoption internationale | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : usa, haïti, adoption | |  del.icio.us

06/05/2010

USA. Le côté sombre des adoptions chinoises.

la face sombre des adoptions chinoises.jpgWhen Americans adopt babies from China, most assume they've been abandoned. But a scandal in 2005, in which 6 orphanages were found to be buying babies, threw that in doubt. Scott Tong reports that baby selling may be more widespread.

 

KAI RYSSDAL: A key Russian politician said this week there's been no formal ban on U.S adoption of Russian children. There is, though, a new agreement being worked out between the two sides. Last month, a Tennessee woman sent her Russian-born son back to Moscow unaccompanied.

Russia is the number three source of international adoptions for American parents. China has been at the top of that list for years. Beijing is generally assumed to run a clean program -- orphanages that are above board and children who've actually been abandoned. But a scandal five years ago shook a lot of that confidence. Six orphanages were found to have been buying babies who were then adopted by families from other countries. One of the convicted middlemen in that case is now out of jail. He and his mother spoke to our China correspondent, Marketplace's Scott Tong.

SCOTT TONG: As Chen Zhijing tells it, her family stumbled into the baby-selling business.

In the late '90s, she worked at an orphanage in Hunan province, and every so often, she would find a baby abandoned on a street corner, or at a bus stop and bring it to the orphanage.

Chen would get maybe a dollar to cover her travel costs. But then, around the year 2000...


CHEN ZHIJING: The orphanage asked for more babies. It started paying $120 dollars each. Then $250. Then $500 by 2005.

At that time, China's international adoption program was booming. In 2005, the government decided to approve more adoption requests than ever before. Nearly 8,000 hopeful families came from the U.S. alone that year. For each baby, an orphanage gets $3,000 from the adopting parents. That's Chinese policy.

Chen Zhijing's son, Duan Yueneng, says all that foreign money created a lucrative baby market.

 

DUAN YUENENG: We sold babies to orphanages. Others did, too. They bought them because foreigners wanted them, and then made big profits when the babies were adopted.

To meet the demand, Duan says he enlisted his wife and sisters to locate more babies. They started buying infants from a supplier in Guangdong province 600 miles away. They say this woman systematically collected unwanted babies from local hospitals.

The babies were then transported by train to Hunan. But it all ended in late 2005, when Duan and his family were arrested and convicted on charges of trafficking 85 infants. Duan got five years in jail. He's just out. His wife got eight years, his sister 15.

Duan shows us court papers, documenting his baby trade: receipts, bank transfers, orphanage logs. They're consistent with his claim that his family sold far more than 85 infants; he reckons he trafficked 1,000 or more. Duan says the orphanages falsified foreign adoption papers for each of the trafficked babies.

In China, every orphan has a file -- listing where it was found, when, and by whom. Duan says in many cases the babies were not found locally, as the adoption papers say. They were bought from far away. The documents we saw indicate at least one went to American parents.


YUENENG: Sometimes the orphanages listed my sister as the finder, or they just put down a fake name. For Americans who adopted babies, let me put it this way: When were the kids really born? Who really found them?

Duan makes no apology for selling babies. The money, he says, encouraged him to deliver kids to orphanages, and to a better life.

Brian Stuy rejects that argument. His company, Research China, investigates Chinese orphans and their history. Stuy says the money orphanages get paid for each adoption invites corruption. Three grand in China, he says, has the buying power equivalent to $40,000 in the States.

 

BRIAN STUY: There's the potential for tremendous dark side activity. People kidnapping kids to bring them to the orphanages. People having babies simply to give them to the orphanages. If the international adoption program was not there, these children probably would not have ended up in the orphanage to begin with.

Stuy says baby selling is systemic in China, and he says it's still happening today. He just investigated 20 kids from one orphanage, and he says in more than half the cases...

 

STUY: The information as it relates to their finding was fabricated. Everything about the origin of the child was fiction.

We got one orphanage director on the phone. She told us she's willing to pay $150 for a healthy baby girl. Chinese media report at least 88 baby trafficking convictions since the Hunan trial. But many parents and social workers in the U.S. say that trial was an aberration in China's otherwise clean program.

 

Chuck Johnson represents adoption agencies at the National Council for Adoption in Washington.


CHUCK JOHNSON: China is considered one of the premier inter-country adoption programs. They have a very strong system of laws and an extremely involved, authoritative central authority.

Johnson says China's adoption ministry -- the CCAA -- investigated the Hunan scandal, and according to its findings...

 

JOHNSON: None of the children were adopted by American families.
That seems to conflict with the court documents we saw, which indicate that at least one was. Johnson's response...


JOHNSON: I'm not going to comment on that because I have not seen the documents. And also, we've had to rely on the investigation completed by the CCAA.

So we tried to contact the CCAA on this. It didn't respond.

American Cathy Sue Smith in Shanghai sometimes wonders where her adopted daughter was really born. She discovered through DNA matching that her 8-year-old Janna Mae has a biological sister. And here's the thing: the blood sisters were adopted from different provinces, Hunan and Guangdong. The exact route used by the Duan family trafficking network.


CATHY SUE SMITH: It adds to the whole possibility of trafficking.

Smith knows her daughter is not the child court documents show as having been trafficked by Duan. That girl went to another American family. But Smith says she's not surprised by these goings on. She's been in China nine years. Long enough, she says, to know rules get bent.

In Hunan, central China, I'm Scott Tong for Marketplace.


RYSSDAL: Scott's assistant Cecilia Chen helped report that story.


Via : Pound Pup Legacy.

10:47 Écrit par collectif a & a dans Trafic d'enfants | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : usa, chine | |  del.icio.us