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Adoptés maintenus dans l'obscurité en Inde

India flag map.jpgAdoptees kept in Dark in India
Half a life: Abandoned, adopted, abandoned

Manisha (name changed) is 15 and brighteyed . She might be the regular teenager . The adults in contact with her say she is polite and disciplined and is always ready to help anyone in trouble. But Manisha is not a regular teenager and hers is no ordinary story. She lives in a home run by an NGO in Gurgaon for abandoned or abused children or those with special needs. She is the helpless victim of inter-country adoption gone terribly wrong.

Via UAI-News | 30.01.2011

10:04 Écrit par collectif a & a dans Abandon, Adoption internationale | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : inde, adopté | |  del.icio.us


India. Foreign parents can adopt only if nobody available in India

The Central Adoption Resource Agency (CARA) today told the Bombay High Court that it has imposed some new conditions for granting No Objection Certificate (NOC) for international adoption.

According to the new conditions, apart from the declaration by the Child Welfare Committee (CWC) that the child is available for adoption, a certificate will also be required from the state government that there are no waiting parents available for adoption within the country and the case can be considered for inter-country adoption.

CARA had filed its affidavit in response to seven petitions filed by prospective foreign parents, who had applied for adoption through Pune based adoption house Preet Mandir.

The adoption house had come under scrutiny after a sting operation showed that it allegedly sold babies to foreign couples.

Vinod Joshi, counsel for CARA, informed the court that they would clear foreign adoptions only after the new conditions were fulfilled by the parents. "In the case of Preet Mandir, an additional certificate will be required from the state government appointed committee."
In a related development, another bench of the high court allowed Preet Mandir to continue providing facilities to 86 children, who are placed there for adoption.
Following the sting operation, the government had said that it would be relocating the children to other adoption houses.

However, today, the government filed an affidavit saying that concession will be given to Preet Mandir, so that it can continue providing care for the 86 children for the time being.
The High Court however, directed Preet Mandir not to admit any fresh children.

Source : Indian Express et Pound Pup Legacy

17:57 Écrit par collectif a & a dans Adoption internationale | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : inde | |  del.icio.us


Racket d'adoption découvert à New Delhi. Quatre arrestations.

Adoption racket unearthed in Delhi; four arrested.
Delhi Police today claimed to have blown the lid off an adoption racket in the capital with the arrest of four persons, including a doctor and two women, and rescue of an 11-day-old girl and an eight-month-old boy.

The gang allegedly used to prepare forged documents showing that the woman who bought the child was admitted to a hospital and delivered the baby. The women were running NGOs and allegedly indulging in selling infants to couples.

"The gang used to charge around Rs 1.8 lakh for a child out of which Rs 30,000 were given to the parents," Ashok Chand, Deputy Commissioner of Police (Crime), said.
Pawan Sharma (38), Ranjeeta Bhasin (48), Shobha Gupta and Dr Atul Kumar were arrested from various parts of the city after investigations following a tip-off.

The first to be arrested were Sharma and Bhasin from Shivaji Vihar when the former came to hand over an eight- month-old boy. Their interrogation led to Gupta while Kumar who allegedly helped forge some documents was also arrested.

"Sharma told us that two months ago, a man from West Bengal had given him the boy which he gave to Bhasin for finding a customer. He also told us that he procured an infant girl from East Delhi for Rs 30,000," Chand said.

Bhasin has been running two NGOs 'Nav Roshini Chetna Mahilla Samiti' and 'Nav Jyoti Anathalaya' in Raghubir Nagar from 1998. She told police that ten days ago she gave an infant girl to Gupta.

Gupta was apprehended from Dwarka. She was running an NGO 'Child Care' in Vashistha Park from 2004.

"She told us that she was introduced by one Anupama Lal to a young woman who wanted a child. Gupta told her that she could arrange her a girl for Rs 1.80 lakh.
"The reasons given for the demand of money was that it would be required for completion of legal formalities. The money was paid and Gupta gave the girl to the woman. The girl has been recovered," Chand said.

Gupta then took the woman to a medical centre in Prashant Vihar where Kumar got prepared certain "forged" documents, Chand said.

"Kumar was also contacted by Bhasin and Gupta for preparing false documents regarding the infant girl. He showed the lady as admitted in his medical centre on December 11 and discharged next day and that she delivered the girl," Chand said. Kumar was allegedly paid Rs 20,000 in this case.

Out of the Rs 1.80 lakh they get from the buyer, Sharma used to take Rs 25,000 while Bhasin's share was Rs 10,000, Gupta's Rs 75,000, Anupama Lal's (of Bal Vihar) Rs 20,000 and the doctor's Rs 20,000. Lal is yet to be apprehended.

Both the infants have been handed over to SOS Upvan Home in Safdarjung Enclave for their care.

The four arrested were produced before a court here which sent the doctor to 14 days judicial custody and other three to police remand till December 23 for further interrogation.

Source: Times of India. 20 décembre 2010.

09:53 Écrit par collectif a & a dans Trafic d'enfants | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : inde, adoption illégale | |  del.icio.us


Un Allemand, Arun Dohle, cherche l'aide de la Cour Suprême pour localiser sa mère biologique indienne

Arun Dohle comes back for motherGerman seeks Supreme Court help in locating biological Indian mother.
Adopted German continues search for Indian roots.


New Delhi:  Thirty five years after he was adopted by a German couple, the Supreme Court on Tuesday agreed to examine the plea of a man claiming to be the offspring of the brother of a union minister seeking a direction to help him locate his biological mother.


A Bench of Justices Markandeya Katju and T S Thakur initially expressed reluctance to pass any direction but later adjourned the matter till Thursday after making some observations.


According to the petitioner Arun Dohle, he was born on July 31, 1973, at Sassoon Hospital in Pune. A German couple, Michael and Gertrude Dohle, adopted him four weeks later from the Kusumbai Motichand Mahila Seva Gram (KMMSG) after his mother reportedly abandoned him.


He settled in Germany but later came back to India to locate his biological mother.


Arun says he was actually kidnapped from his mother and given away for adoption to a German family. He claims to be in fact the son of the brother of a powerful NCP leader in the UPA cabinet.


The lanky German national said he suspected the institution had kidnapped him as a baby and separated him from his mother.


He suspects that the abandonment theory was a ploy to facilitate his adoption.


Arun, through counsel Senthil Jagadeesan in the apex court, alleged that for the past eight years he has been rebuffed by Kusumbai Motichand Mahila Seva Gram, an institution for destitute women where his mother was last known to reside. The Bombay police too refused to help him in tracing his biological mother, he alleged.


The Bombay High Court had earlier in 2005 dismissed his plea, following which he appealed in the apex court. In 2005, the apex court had asked the Maharashtra Director General of Police to place in a sealed cover a report on Arun's biological connection.


However, when the matter came up today for hearing the sealed letter could not be traced in the files of the registry, forcing the Bench to adjourn the matter till Thursday.


But during the arguments, Justice Katju said the Supreme Court cannot convert itself into Parliament and legislate as otherwise the latter too would start deciding judicial matters.


"The Supreme Court cannot convert itself into Parliament. Otherwise, let Parliament be closed and let this court start legislating. If we start legislating, tomorrow Parliament would also start deciding cases saying courts are taking 20-30 years to decide litigations," the Bench said.


The Bench made the remarks when counsel for Arun argued that the authorities were bound to disclose the identity of his biological mother and cited a 1984 ruling of the apex court in the Laxmikant Pandey case.

Sources : Press Trust of India | 10 août 2010 - Daily News & Analysis | 11 août 2010


- Je ne serai pas satisfait tant que je n'ai pas trouvé ma mère de naissance
I won’t be satisfied till I find my birth mother’ Arun Dohle 
DNA India. 18 août 2010.


- La recherche de la vérité pour Arun
Le Charabia de Moushette. 13.08.2010.


- India. National Consultation on Countering Challenges in Adoption: Combating Child Trafficking.
India: 10 & 11.01.2009 Nationale consultatie over adoptie en trafficking van children.
Better Care Network.

- L'origine en héritage.
Sylvia Nabinger, psychothérapeute. Mai 2008.


Enfants indiens volés pour l'adoption

Nagarani.jpgIndian children stolen for adoption

CHENNAI, INDIA. When Nagarani and her husband, Kathirvel, reached the Netherlands from India this month, the couple believed they would be able to prove that a 12-year-old Dutch boy was their son Sathish, who had been stolen from their home in a Chennai slum 11 years ago.

But a Dutch family court last week turned down the couple’s request for a DNA test on the adopted son of a Dutch ethnic Indian family, ruling that it risked inflicting severe emotional trauma to the minor.

“I am dead sure that Rohit is none but our Sathish. I went all the way to the Netherlands, I am disappointed that I was not even allowed to meet my son,” said Nagarani on her return to India last week,

“I am not angry with the Bissesars for taking my son into adoption. We felt very bad that the adoptive parents did not even want to meet us. I wanted to tell them that we became distraught after Sathish was lost. One day I hope Sathish will understand at least our pain we have lived through since we lost him.”

The struggle to retrieve their son by the couple highlights the plight of dozens of Indian parents who are searching for their children after they were apparently stolen by child traffickers and then sold into adoption in foreign countries, without the knowledge of their birth parents.

According to Bachpan Bachao Andolan, or Save Childhood Movement, an Indian child-rights non-governmental organisation, 45,000 children go missing in India every year. Most of the lost children end up as prostitutes, bonded labourers or among the homeless population in big cities. Some of the missing children land in orphanages, and a percentage of those reach their adoptive families in India and abroad.

One night in 1999 when Nagarani and Kathirvel, who only use one name each, were sleeping with their three children in front of their slum hut, one-year-old Sathish was snatched from their bed. Months of searching for the baby proved futile, but the couple suspected that Sathish had been stolen by child traffickers to be sold abroad.

Then in 2005, when police arrested a gang of child traffickers in south India, it was found that they had secretly supplied the children, Sathish among them, to the Malaysian Social Services (MSS), a Chennai-based orphanage that had the permit to send children for adoption abroad.

The investigation revealed that in the previous decade MSS had illegally sent at least 350 Indian children abroad for adoption.

From the office of the orphanage, police recovered in 2005 photos of scores of children who apparently had been stolen from their parents, and Nagarani and Kathirvel identified one child, sent for adoption in the Netherlands, as their son.

As India’s Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) began investigating the case of Sathish, Against Child Trafficking (ACT), a Netherlands-based non-governmental organisation fighting for the prevention of child trafficking for international adoption, contacted the Dutch family in the city of Almere in 2006 and broke the news that their adopted son, Rohit Shivam Bissessar, may have been stolen from his original family in India.

The Bissessar family, who paid US$35,000 (Dh128,555) to adopt the child, have refused to take a DNA test, fearing that the child could be taken away. Nagarani and Kathirvel, with the help of ACT activists, last Tuesday filed a complaint with the Almere police against officials of the Meiling Foundation, the intermediary Dutch adoption agency that placed Rohit, and the Bissesars, accusing them of kidnapping.

In the complaint to Dutch police the couple alleged that Dutch courts and legal authorities were “shielding the Dutch kidnappers” and that “the Netherlands have been promoting kidnapping of children from other countries to their land”.

The Dutch police is of the opinion that the Bissesar couple had no role in kidnapping and trafficking the child. In a Chennai court India’s CBI, following its investigation in the case of Sathish, charged the child traffickers and Indian MSS officials with kidnapping, fabricating records and sending him for illegal adoption.

There are more than 11.5 million abandoned children in India, according to Bachpan Bachao Andolan, and authorities regularly urge western countries to adopt children from the country’s hundreds of orphanages. According to India’s Central Adoption Resource Authority [Cara], about 1,000 Indian children go for adoption abroad yearly with most going to the US.

Cara guidelines say that a foreign couple adopting an Indian child should not pay more than $3,500 to the Indian orphanage. However, in reality, foreign parents often are forced to pay up to 10 to 12 times that to private adoption agencies that act as middlemen, making adoption a lucrative business in India.

The Child Welfare Committee of Tamil Nadu (CWC) believes trafficking and selling children into adoption in foreign countries is still common in south India.

“Last week we discovered that one Chennai-based orphanage, having licence to send children for adoption abroad, had virtually stolen five babies by fooling their birth parents, apparently to sell them into adoption to wealthy families – possibly in foreign countries,” said P Manorama, the chairman of CWC in Chennai, referring to the adoption agency Guild of Service, which is currently under investigation for its role in illegal adoption.

“Children are continually getting lost and many are remaining untraced. We have reason to believe that kidnapping of children for business is still going on in the region.”

Source : The National.

Traduction en français sur le wiki de l'adoption


- Une habitante d'un quartier pauvre de Chennai se bat pour son fils néerlandais

Le 15 juin, quand Nagarani Kathirvel quittera la misère du taudis de Chennai pour la première fois et apparaîtra dans un palais de justice de Zwolle-Lelystad aux Pays-Bas, elle sera encore loin de la fin de son combat amer et traumatisant. Mais ce sera un commencement (pour établir dans une cour de justice étrangère qu'elle est la mère d'un garçon néerlandais de 12 ans). Il y a 10 ans, Rohit Shivam Bissesar était Satheesh Kumar, un jeune enfant habitant dans un quartier pauvre de Pulianthope, jusqu'à ce qu'il ait été enlevé et donné en adoption à un couple de Néerlandais. Plus tôt ce mois-ci, un tribunal de la ville de Lelystad aux Pays-Bas l'a appelée à comparaître.

Traduit en français sur Fabriquée en Corée


- Des enfants volés par l'intermédiaire d'une agence indienne d'adoption

Au moins 30 enfants amenés Australie en vue de leur adoption auraient été volés à leurs parents dans le cadre d'un réseau de trafic d'enfants en Inde.
Certains enfants auraient été volés dans les rues par des gangs qui les vendent pour seulement 10000 roupies ( 280 $ australiens chacun) à une agence d'adoption, qui les envoient dans des pays riches comme l'Australie.
Une grande enquête menée par le magazine Time a découvert qu'une bande de criminels kidnappaient des “jolis” enfants dans des régions les plus pauvres du sud de l'Inde, leur donnait de nouvelles identités et les vendait à des agences d'adoption.

Source : Le wiki de l'adoption | 23.08.2008 | The Australian


Des enfants ou des matières premières ?

Children or commodities.jpgAnisha Mortel, 18 ans, vit toute seule en Allemagne. Abandonnée par ses parents adoptifs après leur  séparation, Anisha est venue en Inde à la recherche de sa mère biologique qui prétend que sa fille a été vendue par un home d'enfant qui l'avait volée.

Children or commodities?


18 year old Anisha Mortel lives all alone in Germany. Abandoned by her foster parents after they separated, Anisha came to India in search of her biological mother who claims her daughter was sold off by a children's home who had stolen her.


TIMES NOW investigates the reasons why children like Anisha Mortel are forever searching answers to who really is responsible for what they are.

Anisha was born in 1992 and was entrusted to 'Tender Loving Care Home'. All that Fathima wanted for her daughter was a better life. She says a children's home promised her exactly that. Fathima did not see her child for the next 28 years.

Fathima, Anisha's biological mother, said, "I went back to ask for my kid. She said don't ask for the child. You gave her off to us. I protested. But she said give money for taking care of the child. I didn't have any. She sold off the kid for 6 lakh."

Fatima had handed over her baby to Sister Teresa who counters the claim.

Sister Teresa said, "What money is Anisha's mother talking about, she wanted to sell the child. She threw the child here. The baby was sick. I was taking care of her."

Tender Loving Care Home is under the scanner in adoption racket.

There are no papers to prove either party wrong or right but what has put the scanner on Sister Teresa's home is that in 2005 TLC Home was found guilty and the home's license cancelled.

Fathima could not find her daughter at the orphanage because the child was not even in the country. Her daughter was given up for adoption and taken in by a couple in Germany.
Fathima's daughter lived with her foster parents unaware of her mother's struggle in India.

Anisha said, "I believe that adopted children are always somehow connected to their country. No matter what happened, no matter how old you were, you always feel it's a part of you and you can't cut it out."

In January 2010 Anisha Moertel returned to India, met the woman who gave her birth.

Anisha said, "In Germany I have no home since I left my parent's house. I have no place to breath out. It's so good to find my mother in India."

This reunion might have happened but questions are being raised about the 26 lives that are still at the home run by Sister Teresa.

Children at the home voice their concern:

1. I want to go to Spain. My Mummy calls on Saturday.
Q: Where does she live? Where does she call you from?
A: From Spain.
Q: Do you want to meet her?
A: Yes, I want to meet her. I want to go there because Mummy, daddy are there.
2. child at the home - "If I go to Germany, I will be happy. They will care for me."

What is confounding is that despite a high court order allowing the home to hold in-country adoptions, Sister Teresa refussees to give these children to prospective Indian parents.

Sister Teresa speaking on children being given for adoption to Indian families said, "Why should they go to Indian families? Many Indian families only make them work as maids."

Over 600 children are sold to foreigners every year, not always to happier homes.
For these young lives it is a constant search for answers and who really is responsible for what they are - too young to know how papers exchanged and changed their destinies - too young to matter as votebanks and too young for anyone to care enough to change their lives.

Source: Times Now | 17 mars 2010



Inde. La Haute Cour resserre les normes d'adoption pour les étrangers.

High court tightens adoption norms for foreigners


Mumbai: Foreign adoptions may become a bit more expensive but much safer for children. According to the guidelines suggested by a court-appointed expert committee on Tuesday, prospective parents would have to deposit an amount over and above the standard adoption fee of US $3,500 while the child would have to undergo a complete psychological evaluation before going abroad. But couples adopting children with special needs would not have to pay the additional amount.


The court had appointed additional solicitor-general DJ Khambata as amicus curiae (friend of the court) and sought the assistance of Asha Bajpai from the Tata Institute of Social Sciences to frame the guidelines. The committee was set up in the light of the case of 14-year-old Mita (name changed), who was sent back to India from the US in September 2008 after developing behavioural problems.


Most children adopted by foreign couples have led hard lives as they are orphaned or deserted, justice DY Chandrachud observed. "Chances of maladjustment are extraordinarily high in these children," he said.


The guidelines propose evaluation by a psychologist from a government hospital or a panel of the Central Adoption Regulatory Authority (Cara). Children would be allowed to acclimatise themselves with the prospective parents for two weeks in India. Only after the psychologist certifies that the child is ready would the adoption move ahead.


Moreover, adoptions would be sanctioned only under the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act  and the Juvenile Justice Act, under which they are irrevocable.


Khambata said that only the court that had allowed the adoption would have the power to revoke it.


The amicus curiae also told the court that children should be sent abroad only after the adoption is completed and not during the period of guardianship. This would give the child the citizenship of the adoptive parents.


Jagannath Pati from Cara told the court that there were only five reported instances of children being sent back in the past 10 years. So, the court felt that the earlier proposed amount of US $5,000 would be a deterrent for prospective parents and reduced it to Rs25,000. With about 700 foreign adoptions each year recorded by Cara, justice Chandrachud said this would generate a corpus of Rs1.75 crore as a safety fund for rehabilitation of children in failed adoptions.


The court allowed an intervention application filed by Sakhee, an NGO. Jamshed Mistry and Pradeep Havnur, advocates for Sakhee, suggested that the guidelines should also cover instances of malpractice in foreign adoptions. They said there are a number of cases where adopted children changed several foster homes and came back to trace their roots.


Pati said increased awareness had brought down the number of foreign adoptions while adoptions within the country had surged.


The court has asked the committee appointed by the central woman and child development ministry to consider the suggestion of a safety fund and a trust. It indicated that the guidelines would be accepted at the next hearing on January 8.


Source: Daily News & Analysis India


08:46 Écrit par collectif a & a dans Adoption internationale | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : inde, adoption | |  del.icio.us